Baden is the southernmost of Germany 's wine regions. It is primarily a long, slim strip of vineyards nestled between the hills of the Black Forest and the Rhine River ; it extends some 400 km from north to south. It runs parallel with Alsace on the other side of the Rhine . The area is the home to made co-operatives and the flatter land is easier for mechanical harvesting. Comprised of nine districts, Baden has many soil types and grape varieties.
After the Ice Age the meadow forests on the upper Rhine in Baden were the first that were populated again with the wild vine. Already in the 2nd century AD wine-growing spread from Lake Constance to the North and reached its peak in the 16th century. Wine from the upper Rhine was praised as: "... of bright colour, powerful taste, very healthy and of such a nature that you can drink twice as much than from other wines without damaging head or stomach." Therefore the per capita consumption was probably at about 140 litres per year. Wines from Baden were (and still are) very popular and were already exported in early years downstream by ship to Cologne , the Netherlands and England . In Breisach is therefore the biggest wine growers' organization of Europe , the "Badischer Winzerkeller" (vintners' cellar of Baden ), with 160 million liters storage capacity.
The wines of Bereich Bodensee are some times known as seeweine. These wines are influenced by the large lozenge shaped lake and a warm wind that can enhance ripening called the föhn that is peculiar to the surrounding Alpine area.
The Bereich Kaiserstuhl - Tuniberg ... The Kaiserstuhl is of volcanic origin and the mingled clay and volcanic soil gives rich red wines and darkish wines with an amber tinge
Nearly half of the vineyards are planted with Burgunder (Pinot) varieties: Spätburgunder (also known as the Pinot Noir), yielding velvety to fiery red wine and refreshing Weissherbst (rosé), ranging in style from dry to slightly sweet; Grauburgunder (which is also known as Pinot Gris), a dry, food-compatible wine, or marketed under the synonym Ruländer to denote a richer, fuller-bodied (and sweeter) style; and Weissburgunder (Pinot Blanc), neutral enough to accompany many foods. Spicy Gewürztraminer and the noble Riesling are specialties of the Ortenau district near Baden-Baden , where they are known as Clevner and Klingelberger, respectively. Light, mild Gutedel (synonymous with the Chasselas of France and Fendant of Switzerland) is a specialty of the Markgräflerland district between Freiburg and the Swiss border. (The name comes from Markgraf a German title equivalent to a marquis; the Markgraf Karl Friedrich planted vines in this southern tip of Germany in the late eighteenth century)
In 2001 the region of Baden which has 15.917ha under vine produced 1.167.621 hectolitres of grape must which gives a yield of 76,1 hectolitres per hectares this was split into 0,1% table wine 33,6 % qba wine and 66,3% qmp wines.
The north-central portion of the Tauber Valley and the upper Rhine Valley adjacent to the Black Forest , stretching from Heidelberg to the Swiss border and the Bodensee ( Lake Constance ). Most southern German wine-growing region, extends over 400 km from Lake Constance along east of the Rhine river in northern direction to Heidelberg and to the Badisches Frankenland on the Tauber river in the Northeast. Baden is the only German wine-growing region that belongs to the wine-growing zone "B" of the EC. Therefore the requirements for wines from Baden are higher than in the rest of the regions (zone "A").
Major town(s): Heidelberg , Karlsruhe , Baden-Baden , and Freiburg
Sunny and warm. The Kaiserstuhl district is Germany 's warmest area. Due to the large geographical extension the climate is very varied. At Lake Constance and in the Rhine graben moderate-warm climate with lighter variations in temperature because the water stores a lot of warmth and so balances extreme temperatures. In the North and especially in the Tauber valley the danger through late and early frosts strongly increases